The DASH diet

 

Hypertension & DASH diet

 

The DASH diet, an acronym for the  “Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension" diet is a diet recommended by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute of the United States Department of Health and Human Services. It’s aimed to prevent and control healthy blood pressure and LDL cholesterol levels by a low dietary sodium intake (2300 mg per day) and a potassium-calcium-and-magnesium rich diet. The diet is also effective in reducing body weight, preventing diabetes, osteoporosis, cardiovascular diseases, stroke and other chronic diseases. It can be the ideal diet plan for most of the general population and provides a general guide of a sustainable healthy diet.

 

DASH Diet 2000 kcal/d break-down

Food Group

Servings per Day

Per Serving Size

Grains

6-8 serv

⅓ Cup Cooked Brown Rice

Vegetables

4-5 serv.

1 Cup Raw Veg Salad or ½ Cup Cooked Veg

Fruits

4-5 serv.

½ Cup Fruit Juice, ½ Apple or Pear

Dairy

2-3 serv

1 Cup Fat-free Milk/ Greek Yogurt

Lean Protein

<6 serv

1 oz. Lean Meat, 1 Egg, 4 oz. Tofu

Fats & Oils

2-3 serv

1 Teaspoon Olive Oil, 1 Tablespoon Peanut Butter

Sweets

1 serv ( <5 serv./ wk)

1 can (12 oz) Soft Drinks, 1 Small Cup Cake

Nuts, Seeds, Legumes

1 serv. (4-5 serv/ wk)

6 Almonds/ Cashews, 10 Peanuts, 16 Pistachios, 8 Black Olives, 10 Green Olives

 

Low sodium intake doesn’t only mean to avoid adding extra salt into your meals, but also staying away from all the  hidden sodium in canned, preserved foods and certain dairy products.

The DASH diet pic

 (Health + Wellness, 2017)

 

Reference

https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/nutrition-and-healthy-eating/in-depth/dash-diet/art-20048456?pg=1

https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/dash-eating-plan

https://www.choosemyplate.gov/protein-foods